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Testosterone: Normal Vs. Optimal

Testosterone Normal Vs Optimal-2webp (1)

Testosterone is an essential male hormone produced in men’s testes. It plays a vital role in the development of male sexual characteristics. It is responsible for facial and body hair growth, muscle growth, and other physical and mental changes that occur during puberty. 

In women, testosterone is produced in the adrenal glands and helps to maintain bone density and muscle mass.  

The average testosterone levels are vital for the human body’s normal functioning. But this is not the case with most American men. According to the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, testosterone levels have been declining in men for decades. 

What is the difference between average and Optimal testosterone?

The terms standard and optimal are closely related but different. Normal testosterone levels refer to the testosterone concentrations found in a healthy population. The levels can vary based on the individual, age, gender, and sex. 

Optimal Testosterone levels are the ideal concentration of testosterone that promotes optimal health.  Normal testosterone levels for men of any age may not necessarily be considered optimal.

What is the average level of Testosterone?

Different studies have been conducted to determine the normal testosterone levels in humans. We will look at the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey for men in the United States from 2011 to 2016. According to the reports, men with 20 to 44 years of age with testosterone levels were part of the survey,

These men were separated into different groups at 5-year intervals, and the testosterone levels for each group were separately evaluated.

The results of their surveys were:

1. 20 to 24 Years

The average testosterone levels for this group were  409-558 ng/dL.

2. 25 to 29 Years

 413-575 ng/dL was the average testosterone level for this group. 

3. 30 to 34 Years

  359-498 ng/dL was reported as the average testosterone level for men aged from 30 to 34. 

4. 35 to 39 Years

For men aged 35 to 39 years, the average level of testosterone reported was 352-478 ng/dL.

5. 40 to 44 Years

 350-473 ng/dL was reported as the average testosterone level for this group. 
Note: Men with a history of testicular cancer, men on hormonal medications, and with afternoon/evening laboratory were not included in this survey.

What is the optimal TRT level?

Research studies show that testosterone levels vary among individuals, and there are no fixed testosterone levels for all men. For men aged 26 -40, the optimal testosterone levels range from 270 to 1070 ng/dL. 

Testosterone Normal Vs Optimal 2webp
Testosterone: Normal Vs. Optimal 2

How do you know if you have good testosterone?

If you want to know your testosterone levels, you can have a blood test. Your doctor will conduct the necessary blood tests and, based on the results, determine whether your testosterone levels are within a healthy range. 

What are the signs and symptoms of low testosterone in the body?

The general signs and symptoms of low testosterone in men include:

  • Loss of Lean Muscle Mass
  • Reduced Sex Drive
  • Reduced Erectile Function
  • Tiredness
  • Loss of hair
  • Symptoms of Depression
  • Irritability 
  • Decreased Sperm Production

Signs of low testosterone in women include the following:

  • Low Sex Drive
  • Vaginal Dryness
  • Irregular Menstrual Cycle
  • Thinning Hair
  • The feeling of Anxiety/Depression
  • Loss of strength or muscle tone.

What are the causes of low testosterone in the body?

Causes of low testosterone in men include testicular injury, pituitary disorder, obesity, AIDS, chemotherapy, undescended testicles, type-2 diabetes, hypothyroidism, certain medications, and kidney failure. Other factors responsible for low testosterone levels are Klinefelter syndrome, Noonan syndrome, Myotonic dystrophy, Orchitis, and the use of anabolic steroids. 

How to diagnose low testosterone levels? 

Doctors diagnose low testosterone levels by: 

  1. By Physical Examination
  2. Review of low testosterone Symptoms 
  3. Various blood tests

Your doctor may take some other tests for verification purposes, for instance. We know that low testosterone results in low bone density. The doctor might take your bone test to find whether you also need treatment for osteoporosis.

How to treat low testosterone?

Natural Treatment For Testosterone (R)

To restore your testosterone to normal levels, you need to: 

1. Maintain Ideal Body Weight

Maintaining an ideal body weight is quite essential for the average testosterone level. Obesity is one of the main factors that result in low T. When a person’s belly fat increases, the enzyme “aromatase”  converts testosterone in the fat cells to estrogen, reducing testosterone levels. 

2. Regular Exercise

Regular exercise helps the body parts stay healthy and active. Exercise like aerobics and resistance can help increase testosterone levels. Please avoid overtraining with calorie restriction because it may reduce your testosterone level. 

3. Sleep Well

Not getting enough sleep may result in low testosterone levels, which is why getting enough sleep is vital for normal testosterone levels.

4. Don’t Use Tobacco Products

Using tobacco products can affect testosterone production in the body. That’s why avoid using tobacco and tobacco-based products. 

In addition, try to eat well, avoid excessive stress, don’t use xenobiotics, and avoid excessive alcohol. 

Medical Treatment for Low-Testosterone

The best treatment for low testosterone is Testosterone replacement therapy (TRT). In testosterone replacement therapy, the doctor uses artificially prepared testosterone and replaces it with the natural hormone. These testosterone work exactly as natural testosterone. Testosterone replacement therapy is administered in various ways. Such as:

  • Hormonal Patches
  • Hormonal Injections
  • Hormonal gels
  • Hormonal Oral 
  • Hormonal Pellets

Can I get testosterone replacement therapy(TRT) if my testosterone levels are normal?

No, generally, it is not recommended to take TRT if your testosterone levels are normal. TRT is beneficial for people with low testosterone levels.

Does exercise increase testosterone?

Yes, exercise can help you increase testosterone levels. Various research studies show that after training, the testosterone levels increase for almost 15 minutes to 1 hour. 

What is the target testosterone level for TRT?

For a young male, the target testosterone level ranges approximately from 500 ng/dL to 700 ng/dL. 

How often should testosterone levels be checked?

If you are taking testosterone therapy,  then you should check your testosterone levels every 3 to 6 months. 

Is 500 a good testosterone level?

Good testosterone levels vary depending on age. For an adult,  500 ng/dl of testosterone is considered within a healthy range. 

Can you get TRT with 500 testosterone?

No, it is generally not recommended to get TRT if your testosterone level is already approximately 500 ng/dl.

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